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UHV CRIJ3317 Exam 1 Spring 2018

Question
Question 1
The Black and Tan War was fought in what country?
Answers:
England
Ireland
Wales
Scotland
Question 2
Who wrote of principles of revolution in his "Catechism of the Revolutionary."?
Answers:
Nechaev
Rubenstein
Marighella
Bakunin
Question 3
The _____ is the critical target for counterterrorism.
Answers:
Node
Unit
Mode
Cell
Question 4
The Taliban is also referred to as __________.
Answers:
The Students
The Teachers
The Professors
The Pupils
Question 5
The Enlightenment was an 18th century international intellectual movement that gave rise to rise to science and a new age of discovery - deductive logic giving way to empirical observation. Although diverse in political opinions, the philosophers of the Age of Reason produced a common idea about government - they believed that governments should exist to protect individual rights. Philosophers argued that citizens had rights and that governments' duty was to protect those rights. Common people were to control the government by a social contract, or constitution, that spelled out the rights of citizens and limited governmental power.
During the Enlightenment, which group lost its monopoly on providing answers to all human questions?
Answers:
Ruling/Upper classes
Military
Middle/lower classes
Clergy
Question 6
The Cuban Revolution occurred during what years?
Answers:
1918-1921
1956-1959
1991-1994
1965-1969
Question 7
After being released from prison in a general amnesty, IRA's Michael Collins studied the tactics of the Russian Peoples' Will and the writings of earlier anarchists and terrorists. Collins developed a strategy called "selective terrorism." Collins reasoned that indiscriminate terror was of no value - random or large-scale attacks would alienate public opinion. Conversely, launching an attack and waiting for the population to spontaneously rise to rebellion was equally futile.
Collins viewed himself as a:
Answers:
Terrorist
Anarchist
Nationalist
Socialist
Question 8
Jerrold Post reports that radicalization is passed on through _____.
Answers:
Social processes
Generations
Missionary activity
Political groups
Question 9
Many Lebanese believe ________to be the true source of terrorism.
Answers:
Jordan
Palestine
Iran
Israel
Question 10
Due to the carnage of the __________, many European rulers opted to tolerate different sects of Christianity within the same realm to achieve peace.
Answers:
Thirty Years' War
Eighty Years' War
Nine Years' War
One Hundred Years' War
Question 11
_____ is defined as the idea that social constructs are based on systems that provide order.
Answers:
Meaning framework
Structural framework
Organizational framework
Functional framework
Question 12
According to Fraser and Fulton, the hierarchical structure of terrorist groups is divided into four levels. The smallest group, at the top of the pyramid, is responsible for command. As in military circles, leadership makes policy and plans and provides general direction. The second level of the hierarchy is the active cadre, or the people responsible for carrying out the mission of the organization - the striking arm of the terrorist group. The third are the active supporters. They maintain communication channels, provide safe houses, gather intelligence, and ensure that all other logistical needs are met. The last and largest category is the organization's passive supporters. This group is extremely difficult to identify and characterize because passive supporters do not readily join terrorist groups; they simply represent a favorable element of the political climate.
Imagine you are a security analyst for the Department of Homeland Security and have just been given several intelligence briefs that describe the activities of several individuals, described below:
A young college student (Adain) has just left a meeting with the niece (Bella) of a well known HAMAS member (Mahmud) who has been in hiding after a series of videos had been leaked to the press showing him overseeing a terrorist training camp. Adain immediately goes to a hardware store and purchases several bomb making items which he delivers to a nearby farm. The hardware store owner (Mansour) intuitively aware of Adain's impending plan offers his goods at a deep discount and wishes him well on his journey. The farmer (Shari) accepts the items and wishes Aiden goodbye. Shari creates the bomb and calls for Adain to return. Adain returns and detonates the bob in a local café and dies in the process. Ross, Glen, and Keary (uninvolved in the incident) view Adain's activities as brave and offer words of respect to the family.
Your supervisor asks you to classify each individual's according to Fraser and Fulton's levels outlined above. Reflecting upon the scenario, at what level in the terrorist organization would you classify Shari?
Answers:
Command
Active cadre
Active supporter
Passive supporter
Question 13
It can be argued that religion often helps to produce the ______, a person striking out with an ideology but no group.
Answers:
Crazed avenger
Solitary avenger
Independent avenger
Lone wolf avenger
Question 14
According to the text, terrorists achieve social justification for their actions by group reinforcement, ideology, and ________.
Answers:
Symbols
Finances
Media
Promotion
Question 15
What is the smallest element of James Fraser's structure of terrorist organizations?
Answers:
Active cadre
Command structure
Passive support
Active support
Question 16
A scholarly examination of literature from militant Islamic groups to determine their media strategies showed that jihadists are keenly aware of the media's ability to influence the social construction of reality.Jihadist texts reveal three media strategies. First, they seek legitimacy for their movement, especially wanting to justify acts of violence to other Muslims. Second, they want to spread their message and increase sympathy for their militant interpretation of religion. Third, their opponents, both the West and Muslims with a different interpretation of Islam, are targeted for intimidation.
Terrorist members hand out flyers to members at a recruitment rally, disguised as a service at a local mosque. They listen intently to the attendees who dismiss the flyer's information and watch carefully to see who throws away the literature. Which media strategy was most prominently being employed by the terrorists after they handed out their flyers?
Answers:
Legitimacy for their movement
Spread their message
Increase sympathy for their militant interpretation of religion
Identify opponents for targeted intimidation
Question 17
To preserve following the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648), several European rulers agreed to tolerate different sects of _______within the same realm.
Answers:
Islam
Christianity
Judaism
Hinduism
Question 18
A group of armed and dangerous teenagers are returning home late at night and come across several seemingly unoccupied homes. They enter one home and before taking numerous valuable, spray paint racial slurs on the walls. The suspects would most accurately be classed as a(n) _____.
Answers:
Criminal
Terrorist
Lone-wolf avenger
Anarchist
Question 19
Who conducted the 2007 definitive study of prison radicalization in the United States?
Answers:
Mark Hamm
Marc Sageman
Michael King
Donald Taylor
Question 20
According to _____, the news is aimed at particular audiences, and different organizations approach audiences in a variety of ways.
Answers:
Daniel Sutter
David Baron
Fouzi Slisli
David Levin
Question 21
The arguments about censorship are heated and deal with the core issue of _____.
Answers:
Privacy
Freedom
Security
Democracy
Question 22
Which of the following is NOT a descriptor of persons at-risk for radicalization according to Sageman's six-step model?
Answers:
Well socialized youth
Seek orientation in religion
Their religion is militarized
They encounter an actor who knows terrorists
Question 23
Who does David Kaplan (2003) blame for funding the spread of an intolerant form of Islam?
Answers:
Iraq
Afghanistan
Libya
Saudi Arabia
Question 24
The political activities of Pierre Joseph Proudhon (1809-1865) eventually landed him in a French prison, but Proudhon was not a man of violence. He called for the extension of democracy to all classes, to be accomplished through the elimination of property and government. Property was to be commonly held, and families living in extended communes were to replace centralized government.
Proudhon's philosophy would most appropriately classify him as a(n):
Answers:
Socialist
Anarchist
Communist
Terrorist
Question 25
Of the top twenty currently active religious terrorist organizations in the world, the majority are based upon a militarized version of which religion?
Answers:
Judaism
Islam
Buddhism
Catholicism
Question 26
The _____ becomes the primary source of social reality for individual terrorists.
Answers:
Terrorist leader
Terrorist group
Larger society
Religious leader
Question 27
The Triborder region referred to in the text is where these three countries join.
Answers:
Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina
Argentina, Chile, and Mexico
Belize, Guatemala, and Argentina
Nicaragua, Brazil, and Argentina
Question 28
_____ refers to news organizations producing stories to entertain their audiences under the guise of presenting objective information.
Answers:
News frames
Investigative
Infotainment telesector
Communication
Question 29
Historically, the violence in Ireland has been largely intertwined with conflict between these two religions:
Answers:
Anglicanism and Hinduism
Protestantism and Catholicism
Judaism and Paganism
Islam and Catholicism
Question 30
According to Fraser and Fulton, the hierarchical structure of terrorist groups is divided into four levels. The smallest group, at the top of the pyramid, is responsible for command. As in military circles, leadership makes policy and plans and provides general direction. The second level of the hierarchy is the active cadre, or the people responsible for carrying out the mission of the organization - the striking arm of the terrorist group. The third are the active supporters. They maintain communication channels, provide safe houses, gather intelligence, and ensure that all other logistical needs are met. The last and largest category is the organization's passive supporters. This group is extremely difficult to identify and characterize because passive supporters do not readily join terrorist groups; they simply represent a favorable element of the political climate.
Imagine you are a security analyst for the Department of Homeland Security and have just been given several intelligence briefs that describe the activities of several individuals, described below:
A young college student (Adain) has just left a meeting with the niece (Bella) of a well known HAMAS member (Mahmud) who has been in hiding after a series of videos had been leaked to the press showing him overseeing a terrorist training camp. Adain immediately goes to a hardware store and purchases several bomb making items which he delivers to a nearby farm. The hardware store owner (Mansour) intuitively aware of Adain's impending plan offers his goods at a deep discount and wishes him well on his journey. The farmer (Shari) accepts the items and wishes Aiden goodbye. Shari creates the bomb and calls for Adain to return. Adain returns and detonates the bob in a local café and dies in the process. Ross, Glen, and Keary (uninvolved in the incident) view Adain's activities as brave and offer words of respect to the family.
Your supervisor asks you to classify each individual's according to Fraser and Fulton's levels outlined above. Reflecting upon the scenario, at what level in the terrorist organization would you classify Bella?
Answers:
Command
Active cadre
Active supporter
Passive supporter
Question 31
Bodrero (2002) says terrorist behavior differs from standard patterns of criminal behavior because terrorists are highly motivated and loyal to a particular cause. Whereas ordinary criminals are opportunistic, terrorists are focused. They may select targets of opportunity, but the target has a symbolic value. Terrorists use crime to make a symbolic statement about a political cause.
A reclusive individual leaves home following a television documentary on the biblical sins of man over the ages. He decides to shoot randomly at persons in his neighborhood as he claims he was inspired by the show to "cleanse the area". The suspect would most accurately be classed as a (n) _____.
Answers:
Criminal
Terrorist
Lone-wolf avenger
Anarchist
Question 32
What terrorist group created the underground video network known as As Sahaab?
Answers:
Al Qaeda
Hezzbollah
LTTE
Taliban
Question 33
Many law enforcement agencies, including the Behavioral Science Unit in the FBI, have attempted to develop practical models for profiling terrorists based on individual psychological characteristics. They work to assess and/or classify potential terrorists and terrorist threats.
A practical example of such classification systems comes from the United Kingdom. Police officials there make practical decisions based on profiles of terrorists and the classification of each incident. When faced with an act of terrorism, the local ranking police official makes an assessment of the event. If it is classified as a criminal activity or the result of a mentally deranged individual, the local police commander handles the incident.If the commander deems the action to be the result of political terrorism, the central government is informed, and the incident is handled on the prime minister's level. In addition, if the level of the threat is sufficiently high, the matter may be referred to the national government.
A local police station receives a call of a drive-by shooting in the neighborhood. The witness reports recognizing the suspect car as a local gang member and the victim - a 12 year old girl. According to the UK classification system outlined in the above scenario, who (or at what level) would handle the incident?
Answers:
National government
The local police commander
Central government
Prime Minister level
Question 34
Who were the leading forces of the Cuban revolution?
Answers:
Ernesto 'Che' Guevara and Fidel Castro
Fulgencio Batista and Fidel Castro
Ernesto 'Che' Guevara and Fulgencio Batista
Regis Debray and Fidel Castro
Question 35
The Irish Republican Army (IRA) developed out of a __________ desire.
Answers:
Nationalistic
Socialistic
Economic
Capitalistic
Question 36
__________was thrown out of the Communist Party for opposing Stalin and was assassinated by communist agents in Mexico City in 1940.
Answers:
Karl Marx
Friedrich Engels
Vladimir Lenin
Leon Trostsky
Question 37
Guerrilla revolutions based on the Cuban experience are typified by _____ phases; each designed to progress from and complement the previous one.
Answers:
Four
Three
Six
Five
Question 38
While the U.S. State Department considers Hezbollah a terrorist organization, the Jordanian police view Hezbollah as _____?
Answers:
As a militia
As a terrorist organization
As a religious group
As a law enforcement agency
Question 39
According to Huntington, _____ refers to the cultural conflicts among the world's eight dominant civilizations.
Answers:
Clash of civilizations
Cultural paradigms
Social processes
Radicalization
Question 40
Several local government offices begin to receive a series of anthrax laden packages in the mail.
Answers:
National government
The local police commander
Central government
Prime Minister level
Question 41
Historians often call the eighteenth century the Age of Reason or the _____.
Answers:
Engagement
Existence
Illumination
Enlightenment
Question 42
According to _____, charities are responsible for the bulk of terrorist financing.
Answers:
David Kaplan
Loretta Napoleoni
Joshua Krasna
David Adams
Question 43
_____ refers to one network fighting another network.
Answers:
Interwar
Netwar
Group battle
Net battle
Question 44
Nationalistic movements produce terrorists from the lower classes - religious terrorists come from ____ classes.
Answers:
Upper
Middle
Lower
All
Question 45
According to Durham, _____ destroys the ability to create a sustainable news frame.
Answers:
Reality
Ambiguity
Facts
Opinion
Question 46
According to Cottle, television news presents a _____ frame, which reinforces common values.
Answers:
Contention
Dominant
Mythic
Cultural recognition
Question 47
Modern terrorism developed out of the _____.
Answers:
French Revolution
Civil War
American Revolution
World War II
Question 48
__________ do not support centralized control of the economy.
Answers:
Communists
Socialists
Anarchists
Capitalists
Question 49
Which of the following countries is NOT a member of the Triborder Region of Latin America?
Answers:
Brazil
Paraguay
Chile
Argentina
Question 50
Which of the following al Qaeda membership profiles is as identified by Marc Sageman's 2004 study?
Answers:
Members were almost exclusively male and were radicalized in the West
Most members came from the lower class families
They had no history of violence
Few members had arrest records

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