All of the following criteria can be used in ethical reasoning except
a. moral reasoning must be logical.
b. factual evidence cited to support a persons judgment should be accurate, relevant, and complete.
c. ethical standards used in a persons reasoning should be consistent.
d. explicit assumptions and premises must be avoided
The basic ____ view holds that an action is judged as right, good, or wrong on the basis of its consequences.
Utilitarianism is a useful principle for conducting a stakeholder analysis, since it forces decision makers to
a. consider collective as well as particular interests.
b. formulate alternatives based on the greatest good for all parties involved in a decision.
c. estimate the costs and benefits of alternatives for all affected groups.
d. all of the above
All of the following are problems with utilitarianism except
a. consequences are judged.
b. principles of justice are ignored.
c. the individual is not considered.
d. alternatives are based on the greatest good.
Which of the following is a limitation of principle of rights
a. This view implies underlying laziness.
b. It contradicts everyday experience.
c. Individuals with this view can become absolutists.
d. It can exaggerate certain entitlements in society at the expense of others.
Affirmative action programs are examples of which type of justice
Laying off employees without fair notice or compensation represents which of the following
a. Immoral management
b. Moral management
c. Amoral management
d. Stakeholder interest management
When communicating, negotiating, or working with a pragmatist, one should
a. focus on the benefits for the various constituencies involved.
b. concentrate on the principles or duties at stake.
c. point out the benefits to the other persons self-interest.
d. emphasize the facts and potential consequences of an action.
Which of the following is considered the top company in the list of Top 10 Companies and Best Corporate Board Practices
a. Citigroup Inc.
b. Morgan Stanley
c. Goldman Sachs
d. IBM Corp
The ____ ethic focuses on the importance of relationships among businesses, customers, and stakeholders.
Studies have shown that a combination of all of the following except ____ prevent illegal action.
a. ethical incentives
b. corporate culture
c. compliance standards
d. potential disciplinary actions
Everyone's access to relevant information needed in order to conduct business is a trait of which kind of market
Which of the following federal agencies are appointed to prohibit unfair industry activities
Which of the following requires full disclosure of credit terms
a. Federal Hazardous Substances Act
b. Pure Food and Drug Act
c. Truth and Lending Act
d. Fair Credit Billing Act
Which of the following provides a conservation program for plants and animals
a. Clean Air Act
b. Endangered Species Act
c. Noise Pollution Act
d. Safe Drinking Water Act
The right to have access to basic essential goods and services is considered which of the following
a. Right to be heard
b. Right to satisfaction of basic needs
c. Right to take "due care"
d. Right to have access to essentials
A company that supports a consumer's free choice is fulfilling which of the following
a. Duty to take good care
b. Duty not to force or take undue advantage
c. The right to satisfaction of basic needs
d. The right to choose
Which of the following agencies enforces consumer civil rights
a. Federal Trade Commission
b. Department of Justice
c. Consumer Product Safety Commission
d. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
____ control regulates what consumers can and should hear and see.
a. Free choice
b. Free speech
According to the free market theory's view, "let the buyer beware" principle, consumers and corporations are protected and regulated by Adam Smith's
a. covenantal ethic.
b. minimum moral standard.
c. issues management process.
d. invisible hand.
Only 355 punitive damages verdicts were handed down by the state and federal courts over the past 25 years. One-fourth of those awards involved a single product, which was
d. children's cribs.
All of the following factors have caused and contributed to environmental pollution except
a. consumer affluence.
b. new and uncontrolled technologies.
c. rural planning.
d. materialistic cultural values.
Which of these is the manager mindset in the firefighter stage of environmental corporate commitment
a. Environmental issues are addressed when necessary
b. Environmental management is unnecessary
c. Environmental management is a priority item
d. Environmental management is an important business function
Critics of alcohol ads argue that ____ continue to be targeted as primary customers.
a. military personnel
c. college students
d. persons of middle income
Which of the following stakeholders are considered the most important for a business
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