The therapeutic theory to be discussed is (a working title) linguistic reconstructionism; of
which the foundational principles are evolutionary theory and metaphysical monism. Evolution
sees man as a product of natural selection and as fundamentally an adaptive organism.
Metaphysical monism does not easily permit the notion of non-physical entities in the realm of
psychology that could be equated with the soul or consciousness. Consequently, the notion of
consciousness is not seen as an arisen property, supervenient upon neural processes (Chalmers,
1996), but rather as a descriptive term for the totality of human experience. From these starting
points other principles are drawn, resulting in specific methods of therapy, warnings of possible
errors in the theory’s use and the goal that is hoped to be achieved.
Evolutionary theory has a significant impact in the field of human psychology. Survival
via adaptability, otherwise known as survival of the fittest, is the bedrock of evolution. Viewing
the human species from this perspective entails certain ideas concerning the subject of
therapeutic practice, that being conscious experience. Generally, though still under constant
discussion, the advent of conscious awareness is seen as a product of the adaptive drive within
biology (Jaynes, 2000; Dennett, 1991) and therefore something conducive to survival. Just how
this tool for survival worked through the ages and what specific mental components give it
definition is the subject of much debate, though there are two principles that seem to be
universally agreed upon; the drive for communication (Pinker, 2000) and the brain as a
constructivist device (Edelman, 2001).
While communication can incorporate verbal, bodily and artistic avenues, the linguistic
form will be primarily under discussion, and since words exist without their being spoken,