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HESI EXIT RN EXAM V1-V7

2. At 0600 while admitting a woman for a schedule repeat cesarean section (C- Section), the client tells the nurse that she drank a cup a coffee at 0400 because she wanted to avoid getting a headache. Which action should the nurse take first?
• Inform the anesthesia care provider
3. After placing a stethoscope as seen in the picture, the nurse auscultates S1 and S2 heart sounds. To determine if an S3 heart sound is present, what action should the nurse take first?
• Listen with the bell at the same location
4. A 66-year-old woman is retiring and will no longer have a health insurance through her place of employment. Which agency should the client be referred to by the employee health nurse for health insurance needs?
• Medicare

5. A client who is taking an oral dose of a tetracycline complains of gastrointestinal upset.
What snack should the nurse instruct the client to take with the tetracycline?
• Toasted wheat bread and jelly

6. Following a lumbar puncture, a client voices several complaints. What complaint indicated to the nurse that the client is experiencing a complication?
• “I have a headache that gets worse when I sit up”

• “I am having pain in my lower back when I move my legs”

• “My throat hurts when I swallow”

• “I feel sick to my stomach and am going to throw up”

7. An elderly client seems confused and reports the onset of nausea, dysuria, and urgency with incontinence. Which action should the nurse implement? • Obtain a clean catch mid-stream specimen
8. The nurse is assisting the mother of a child with phenylketonuria (PKU) to select foods that are in keeping with the child’s dietary restrictions. Which foods are contraindicated for this child?
• Foods sweetened with aspartame

9. Before preparing a client for the first surgical case of the day, a part-time scrub nurse asks the circulating nurse if a 3 minute surgical hand scrub is adequate preparation for this client. Which response should the circulating nurse provide?
• Direct the nurse to continue the surgical hand scrub for a 5 minute duration
10. Which breakfast selection indicates that the client understands the nurse’s instructions about the dietary management of osteoporosis?
• Bagel with jelly and skim milk

11. The charge nurse of a critical care unit is informed at the beginning of the shift that less than the optimal number of registered nurses will be working that shift. In planning assignments, which client should receive the most care hours by a registered nurse (RN)?
• An 82-year-old client with Alzheimer’s disease newly-fractures femur who has a Foley catheter and soft wrist restrains applied


12. A mother brings her 6-year-old child, who has just stepped on a rusty nail, to the pediatrician’s office. Upon inspection, the nurse notes that the nail went through the shoe and pierced the bottom of the child’s foot. Which action should the nurse implement first?
• Cleanse the foot with soap and water and apply an antibiotic ointment • Provide teaching about the need for a tetanus booster within the next 72 hours. have the mother check the child's temperature q4h for the next 24 hours transfer the child to the emergency department to receive a gamma globulin injection
13. The mother of an adolescent tells the clinic nurse, “My son has athlete’s foot, I have been applying triple antibiotic ointment for two days, but there has been no improvement.” What instruction should the nurse provide?
• Stop using the ointment and encourage complete drying of the feet and wearing clean socks.
14. A 26-year-old female client is admitted to the hospital for treatment of a simple goiter, and levothyroxine sodium (Synthroid) is prescribed. Which symptoms indicate to the nurse that the prescribed dosage is too high for this client? The client experiences
• Bradycardia and constipation
• Lethargy and lack of appetite
• Muscle cramping and dry, flushed skin
• Palpitations and shortness of breath
1.
2. Following discharge teaching, a male client with duodenal ulcer tells the nurse the he will drink plenty of dairy products, such as milk, to help coat and protect his ulcer. What is the best follow-up action by the nurse?
• Review with the client the need to avoid foods that are rich in milk and cream

15. A male client with hypertension, who received new antihypertensive prescriptions at his last visit returns to the clinic two weeks later to evaluate his blood pressure (BP). His BP is 158/106 and he admits that he has not been taking the prescribed medication because the drugs make him “feel bad”. In explaining the need for hypertension control, the nurse should stress that an elevated BP places the client at risk for which pathophysiological condition?
• Stroke secondary to hemorrhage

16. The nurse observes an unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) positioning a newly admitted client who has a seizure disorder. The client is supine and the UAP is placing soft pillows along the side rails. What action should the nurse implement?
• Instruct the UAP to obtain

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