Paper 3 Political ideas
Thursday 11 June 2020 Morning Time allowed: 2 hours
For this paper you must have:
• an AQA 12-page answer book.
• Use black ink or black ball-point pen.
• Write the information required on the front of your answer book. The Paper Reference is 7152/3.
• Answer all questions from Section A and Section B.
• Answer one question from Section C.
• Do all rough work in your answer book. Cross through any work you do not want to be marked.
• If you use more than one answer book, check that you have written the information required on each book.
• The marks for questions are shown in brackets.
• The maximum mark for this paper is 77.
Section A – Core Ideologies Short Questions
Answer questions 1, 2 and 3.
Explain and analyse three ways in which socialist thinkers have viewed the concept of equality.
Explain and analyse three ways in which liberal thinkers have viewed the role of the state.
Explain and analyse three ways in which conservative thinkers have viewed the economy.
Section B – Core Ideologies Extract Question
Read the extracts below and answer question 4 that follows.
Conservatism and society
Individuals have rights, and there are things no person or group may do to them (without violating their rights). So strong and far-reaching are these rights that they raise the question of what, if anything, that state and its officials may do. How much room do individual rights leave for the state? The nature of the state, its legitimate functions in society and its justifications, if any, is the central concern of this book; a wide and diverse variety of topics intertwine in the course of our investigation.
Extract adapted from Anarchy, State and Utopia, Robert Nozick (1974)
Society is indeed a contract. As the ends of such a partnership cannot be obtained in many generations, it becomes a partnership not only between those who are living, but between those who are living, those who are dead, and those who are to be born. Each contract of each particular state is but a clause in the great primeval contract of eternal society, linking the lower with the higher natures, connecting the visible and invisible world, according to a fixed compact sanctioned by the inviolable oath which holds all physical and all moral natures, each in their appointed place.
Extract from Reflections on the Revolution in France, Edmund Burke (1790)
Analyse, evaluate and compare the arguments being made in the above extracts as to the significance of society within conservatism. In your answer you should refer to the thinkers you have studied.
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Section C – Other Ideologies Essay Question
Answer the question set on one of the following ideologies.
In your answer you should draw on material from across the whole range of your course of study in Politics.
‘Nationalism is not always a peaceful ideology.’ Analyse and evaluate this statement with reference to the nationalist thinkers that you have studied.
‘Feminists are divided over how to achieve a fairer society.’ Analyse and evaluate this statement with reference to the feminist thinkers that you have studied.
‘There is significant disagreement about the recognition of diversity and minority rights.’ Analyse and evaluate this statement with reference to the multiculturalist thinkers that you have studied.
‘Anarchists differ over the means to achieve their goals.’ Analyse and evaluate this statement with reference to the anarchist thinkers that you have studied.
‘Ecologists disagree about the importance of human beings in comparison to other life forms.’ Analyse and evaluate this statement with reference to the ecologist thinkers that you have studied.
END OF QUESTIONS
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