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TEST BANK FOR FOUNDATIONS OF MENTAL HEALTH CARE 6TH EDITION BY MORRISON-VALFRE

Chapter 01: The History of Mental Health Care
Morrison-Valfre: Foundations of Mental Health Care, 6th Edition
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. The belief of the ancient Greek philosopher Plato that the rational soul controlled the
irrational soul could be compared with the belief of the more recent psychological theorist:
a. Freud
b. Pinel
c. Fisher
d. Rush
ANS: A
Sigmund Freud believed that mental illness was, in part, caused by forces both within and
outside the personality. Philippe Pinel advocated acceptance of mentally ill individuals as
human beings in need of medical assistance. Alice Fisher was a Florence Nightingale nurse
who cared for the mentally ill, and Dr. Benjamin Rush was the author of the book Diseases of
the Mind.
PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: p. 4
OBJ: 2 TOP: Early Years of Mental Health
KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment MSC: Client Needs: Psychosocial Integrity
2. During the mid-1500s, behaviors associated with mental illness were more accurately
recorded by professionals. This practice led to for different abnormal
behaviors.
a. Classifications
b. Diagnosing
c. Treatment
d. Education
ANS: A
Classification of abnormal behaviors did not begin until this time, after the practice of more
accurate recording of behaviors was begun. Diagnoses, treatment guidelines, and any
education regarding mental health disorders were not available during this period.
PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: p. 5
OBJ: 3 TOP: Mental Illness During the Renaissance
KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment MSC: Client Needs: Psychosocial Integrity
3. During the latter part of the eighteenth century, psychiatry became a separate branch of
medicine, and inhumane treatment was greatly diminished by the French hospital director:
a. Dix
b. Beers
c. Pinel
d. Carter
ANS: C
U S N T O
Philippe Pinel advocated acceptance of the mentally ill, as well as proper treatment. Dorothea
Dix crusaded for construction of mental health hospitals. Clifford Beers wrote the book A
Mind That Found Itself. President Jimmy Carter established the President’s Commission on
Mental Health in 1978.
PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: p. 5
OBJ: 4 TOP: Mental Illness in the Eighteenth Century
KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment MSC: Client Needs: Psychosocial Integrity
4. In 1841, surveyed asylums, jails, and almshouses throughout the United
States, Canada, and Scotland and is credited with bringing about public awareness and reform
for the care of the mentally ill.
a. Sigmund Freud
b. John Cade
c. Florence Nightingale
d. Dorothea Dix
ANS: D
Dorothea Dix spent 20 years surveying facilities that housed mentally ill individuals and is
credited with major changes in the care of the mentally ill. Sigmund Freud introduced the
concept of psychoanalysis, John Cade discovered lithium carbonate for the treatment of
bipolar disorder, and Florence Nightingale trained nurses in England in the 1800s.
PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: p. 6
OBJ: 4 TOP: Mental Illness in the Nineteenth Century
KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment MSC: Client Needs: Psychosocial Integrity

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