ANXIETY BASED DISORDER
ETYMOLOGY - The word dissociation refers that there is “break or split”
between two things. Dissociation is a disconnection between a person’s
thoughts, memories, feelings, actions, or sense of who he or she is. This is a
normal process that everyone has experienced.
MEANING - In psychology, dissociation is any of a wide array of experiences
from mild detachment from immediate surroundings to more severe detachment
from physical and emotional experience. The major characteristic of all
dissociative phenomena involves a detachment from reality, rather than a loss of
reality as in psychosis.
CAUSE - Dissociation is commonly displayed on a continuum (range, field). In
mild cases, dissociation can be regarded as a coping mechanism or defense
mechanisms in seeking to master, minimize or tolerate stress – including
boredom or conflict. At the non pathological end of the continuum, dissociation
describes common events such as daydreaming while driving a vehicle. Further
along the continuum are non-pathological altered states of consciousness
EXAMPLES - of mild, common dissociation include daydreaming, highway
hypnosis, or “getting lost” in a book or movie, all of which involve “losing touch”
with awareness of one’s immediate surroundings.
DISSOCIATION IS HELPFUL - During a traumatic experience such as an
accident, disaster, or crime victimization, dissociation can help a person tolerate
what might otherwise be too difficult to bear. In situations like these, a person
may dissociate the memory of the place, circumstances, or feelings about of the
overwhelming event, mentally escaping from the fear, pain, and horror. This may
make it difficult to later remember the details of the experience, as reported by
many disaster and accident survivors.
II. DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS (DD)
Dissociative disorders are conditions that involve disruptions or breakdowns
of memory, awareness, identity, or perception. People with dissociative