Immunity - definition, general characteristics, types of immunity.Natural resistance of the body to infection. A protective function of the skin, mucous membranes and the body's normal microbial flora.Natural resistance of the body to infection. Humoral factors.Natural resistance of the body to infection. Cellular factors. A protective role of inflammation.Acquired Immunity. Types and forms of acquired immunity.Antigens - definition and general characteristics.Antigenic architecture of bacteria.Antibodies (immunoglobulins) – structure of immunoglobulins. Antibody Biosynthesis.Biological properties of immunoglobulins. Monoclonal antibodies.Immune System - Structure and Functions.Immune response - general characteristics, humoral and cell-mediated immune response, dynamics of the immune response.Defense Mechanisms in Bacterial, Viral, and Fungal Infections.Antigen-antibody reaction - general characteristic, importance for microbiological diagnostics. Agglutination reaction. Precipitation reaction. Toxin-antitoxin reaction.Complement Dependent Reactions.Immune reaction with labeled antibodies or antigens -ELISA, IFA, WBA.Immunopathology. Hypersensitivity (allergy) reactions.Immunopathology. Autoimmune diseases.
Congenital and acquired immunodeficiency states.Immunoprophylaxis and immunotherapy. Vaccines.
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